Bathing is the most common activity of daily living with which residents of assisted living or similar residential communities need help, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics. The report sheds light on the characteristics of the 835,200 residents in such communities who were provided long-term care services as of 2014.
“Findings on differences and similarities in supply, provision and use, and the characteristics of providers and users of long-term care services, can inform policy and planning to meet the needs of an aging population,” according to the report, titled “Long-Term Care Providers and Services Users in the United States: Data From the National Study of Long-Term Care Providers, 2013–2014”.
ADL assistance. 62.4% of residents of assisted living or similar residential communities needed assistance with bathing, 47.4% needed help with dressing, 39.3% needed assistance with toileting. 29.7% needed help transferring in and out of bed, 29.1% needed assistance with walking or locomotion, and 19.8% needed help eating.
Age. 52.6% of residents were aged 85 or more year, 29.9% were aged 75 to 84 years, 10.4% were aged 65 to 74 years and 7.2% were aged fewer than 65 years.
Gender. 70.2% of residents were women, and 29.8% were men.
Race. 84.3% of residents were non-Hispanic whites, 3.8% were non-Hispanic blacks, 2.5% were Hispanic and 9.3% were “other.”
Medicaid. 15.1% of residents were Medicaid beneficiaries.
Diagnoses. 39.6% of residents had received a diagnosis of Alzheimer’s or dementia, 23.2% had received a diagnosis of depression and 16.9% had received a diagnosis of diabetes.
Falls. More residential care residents (21.1%) had falls compared with adult day participants and nursing home residents (16.5% each).
Hospital visits/stays. 12.4% of residents had emergency department visits, and 8.3% had overnight hospital stays, within the past year.
The report details the current national picture of providers and users of services in five major sectors. In addition to assisted living, the sectors include adult day service centers, home health agencies, hospice and nursing homes. The NCHS plans to conduct the study every two years to monitor national and state trends.